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Bolton Primary School

Caring - Inspiring - Enjoying - Excelling



PHSE at Bolton 


Subject Leader: Ruth Elstone

Monitoring Governor: Walter Head 


PHSE education is a programme of learning through which children acquire the knowledge, understanding and skills they need to manage their lives now and in the future. As part of a whole-school approach, PHSE education develops the qualities and attributes pupils need to thrive as individuals, family members and members of society.

PHSE education equips pupils to live healthy, safe, productive, capable, responsible, and balanced lives. It encourages them to be enterprising and supports them in making effective transitions, positive learning and in achieving economic wellbeing. A critical component of PHSE education is providing opportunities for children to reflect on and clarify their own values and attitudes and explore the complex and sometimes conflicting range of values and attitudes they encounter. PHSE education contributes to personal development by helping pupils to build their confidence, resilience, and self-esteem, and to identify and manage risk, make informed choices and understand what influences their decisions. It enables them to recognise, accept and shape their identities, to understand and accommodate difference and change, to manage emotions and to communicate constructively in a variety of settings. Developing an understanding of themselves, empathy and the ability to work with others will help pupils to form and maintain good relationships, develop the essential skills for future employability and better enjoy and manage their lives.

PHSE makes a significant contribution to pupils’ spiritual, moral, social and cultural (SMSC) development, their behaviour and safety and the school’s statutory responsibility to promote pupils’ wellbeing. In addition, the learning provided is essential to safeguarding pupils.

Social, emotional and behavioural skills underlie almost every aspect of school, home and community life, including effective learning and getting on with other people.

Our ambition is that children leave our school showing our school values; are aware of cultural and diversity in the UK and around the world; can interact with each other; look after their environment; know how to eat healthily and the importance of exercise; will have good resilience and understanding of mental well-being; understanding of personal hygiene, privacy and puberty together with relationships and the diversity of relationships; know the importance of being responsible for money and have ambitions to develop their own careers.


In the teaching of P.H.S.E. we aim to:

  • To develop high levels of motivation and personal identity.
  • To develop positive social interaction, and the skills to live and work with others.
  • To develop the ability to be an active citizen.
  • To develop confidence and responsibility.
  • To play an active role as citizens.
  • To develop a healthy, safer lifestyle.
  • To develop good relationships whilst respecting the differences between people.



When planning lessons, staff should consider any social, moral, spiritual and cultural learning opportunities they can build in or utilise in a lesson. This will help us to develop children personally and develop important life skills. Children are given a range of opportunities to develop personally, including learning through collective worship, involvement in extra-curricular activities, participation in inter-school sporting events, trips and residential opportunities, taking part in school performances and being involved in competitions such as Young Voices or U Dance.

Children are given the opportunity to learn about e-safety, bullying and learn about different cultures and religions. We focus on safeguarding - giving pupils opportunities to learn for example about being safe in our physical world. Children also learn about relationships through our RHSE programme. Children are given the opportunities to learn about world issues through fortnightly news assemblies.

We have a good curriculum that teaches children about health education. They learn about healthy eating and lifestyles. We have weekly behaviour themes such as resilience or how to be a great role model.

Age-appropriate Relationship and Sex Education lessons are taught well by a specialist teacher. There is planned programme in place for meeting the requirements of the new S&RE expectations for all pupils (see the policy and information).

Children are taught where money comes from and the part it plays in people’s lives. They are taught about the different types of work and are given the opportunity to discuss their aspirations. We are developing opportunities to invite local, young and professional adults into school to talk about career opportunities. We have an active school council with children from each year group representing the school. They take the lead with lots of organising including helping with raising money for school and charities.

Children are involved in Philosophy for Children sessions several times throughout the year, in these sessions we use a lot of the PHSE themes.

PHSE and Citizenship helps to develop the qualities and attributes children need to be healthy, independent and active participants in society. Our PHSE scheme of work includes units on British Value, Global Citizenship, Relationships, Economics and Mental Wellbeing. The work for the study units will be taught over a 2 year rolling programme: Y1/2, Y3/4 and Y5/6. We use a range of teaching and learning styles to meet the requirements of the National Curriculum. We teach PHSE and Citizenship through other subjects as well as discreet PHSE lessons.  There is a large overlap between the programme of study for World Views and Religion, Science, Geography and History and the aims of PHSE and Citizenship. We therefore deliver a considerable amount of the PHSE and Citizenship curriculum through these subjects.  We place an emphasis on active learning by including the children in discussions, investigations and problem-solving activities.  We also develop PHSE and Citizenship through school council, circle time, philosophy for children, assemblies, whole-school events, e.g. Macmillan Coffee Morning, national events such as Comic Relief, break and lunchtime duties, individual target setting, celebration assembly and residential experiences.

Each year, children in Class 3 (Y5/6) experiences The Real Love Rocks Programme from Barnardos which covers relationships, grooming, online safety and homophobic bullying. For more information visit the Real Love Rocks website:

Our values permeate our delivery of this subject - Caring, Inspiring, Excelling and Enjoying.

In order to achieve our aims children are encouraged to:

  • Listen and give others time to talk and to communicate their ideas and feelings clearly. These opinions should be expressed in a sensitive way with opportunities for discussion.
  • Share, co-operate and take turns in a variety of situations (assembly, group work, play etc).
  • Work out own solutions to difficulties before relying on adult intervention.
  • Develop an understanding of being part of a wider community.
  • Be investigative in their approach to learning, both independently and through adult-led activities.
  • Form positive relationships with each other and with adults.
  • Be able to empathise with others.
  • Be able to identify positive characteristics in themselves and others.
  • Praise and recognise the value in others and their own achievements.
  • Be accepting of others.
  • Be fair to each other.
  • Be respectful of others and their possessions, ideas, beliefs and abilities.
  • Observe positive relationships between adults in the school and observe positive relationships with adults and other children in the school.
  • Take responsibility for his/her possessions at school (coat, book bags and books, lunch boxes etc).
  • Follow class/school routines, which are made clear by adults who take time to teach the routines to children.
  • Be responsible for appropriate tasks (class responsibilities, buddies).
  • Community links.
  • Communicate clearly within the classroom and school, being confident to speak in a variety of situations.
  • Self assess and evaluate their own work.
  • Realistically control their own behaviour, and not to misbehave when subject to peer influence.
  • Be involved in forming class rules and upholding school rules.


Those with special needs may have extra support for the activities or the language content altered but we feel strongly that all pupils are entitled to this area of the curriculum and can succeed. The recording of information can be changed to oral or pictorial for example and resources modified to be accessed more easily.



There will be a unit assessment at the end of the block of learning based on key learning objectives and an initial activity to ascertain what children already know at the beginning. Assessment takes place informally through observation, open questioning, discussions and marking children’s work. Assessment information will be recorded on our school’s foundation tracking sheets and shared termly with parents.

We aim to -

  • Provide regular opportunities for pupils to receive feedback on their progress and achievements.
  • Involve pupils in discussion about learning objectives and desired outcomes.
  • Engage pupils in self-assessment.
  • Allow pupils to demonstrate their understanding through planning a talk or presentation.
  • Encourage pupils to contribute to discussions and debate within school
  • Enable pupils to demonstrate skills through role-play or participation in simulations.


Evaluation. Monitoring and Review:

This policy is a working document and should be updated every two years. This policy was reviewed in the spring term 2020 and is due for another review in the spring term 2022. The subject lead is Ruth Elstone (September 2020) and the current governor with responsibility for PHSE is Walter Head.



This policy was reviewed Spring 2020 and will be reviewed again Spring 2022.