Home Page

Bolton Primary School

Caring - Inspiring - Enjoying - Excelling


Physical Education

Physical Education at Bolton


Subject Lead: Bianca Cousin

Monitoring Governor: Ric Hall 


Purpose of Study

At Bolton Primary School, PE plays a very important role in the development of our children. Through an enriched PE curriculum, a broad and wide range of after-school sport clubs and a varied competition programme, we aim to encourage a lifetime love of sport which inspires all children to maintain an active and healthy lifestyle and to reach their full potential.


High quality and inclusive PE, sport and physical activity leads to improved fitness, health and well-being, concentration, attitude and academic achievement. Year after year, the range of sporting opportunities we provide at Bolton has been increasingly beneficial to the children at the school and has resulted in:


  • Raising children’s attainment
  • Building self-esteem
  • Learning to work as a team, developing leadership skills and building friendships which extend beyond school life
  • Experiencing healthy competition which can ultimately help them to deal with life’s successes and failures
  • Encouraging and developing a healthy and active lifestyle


Children’s early years are critical in building the foundations, skills, engagement in and love of sport. At Bolton Primary School, through our key values of caring, enjoying, inspiring and excelling, we aim to give our children the best possible start in life.



The curriculum and extra-curricular activities aim to provide opportunities for all pupils to achieve.  Aims of Physical Activity are:

  • Promote physical activity and promote healthy and active lifestyles.
  • Encourage pupils to be physically active for sustained periods of time.
  • Pupils engage in competitive sports and activities.
  • Develop the competence to excel in a broad range of physical activities.
  • Develop positive attitudes to health, fitness and physical activity.
  • To ensure safe practice.



  • To develop positive attitudes to participation in physical activity.
  • To make informed decisions about the importance of exercise in their lives.
  • To acquire and develop skills in a range of physical activities and sports.
  • To learn how to select and apply skills appropriate to the activity being undertaken.
  • To set individual targets and compete against themselves as well as others.
  • To respond to a variety of challenges in a range of physical activities and environments.
  • To take initiative, lead activities and focus on improving aspects of their own performance to achieve their personal best.
  • To swim competently, confidently and proficiently over a distance of at least 25 metres and use a range of strokes effectively.



Every child is offered a minimum of 2 hours of high-quality PE a week.  All children will learn and participate in the areas outlined in the curriculum map for PE.


Delivery & Organisation

Each class has allotted indoor/outdoor activity time, which includes the use of the playground, school field and Bolton Village Hall. 

In PE the overall structure of the lesson will generally be the same and consist of:

1. Learning Objective and Success Criteria

2. A warm up and stretch activity

3. A main teaching activity, which would be either an introduction or revision of a skill; (the main teaching focus may be delivered in the classroom if appropriate e.g. using IWB, before the children warm up and stretch). Pupils’ capabilities should be developed with increasing demand made on physical and mental processes. Building on previous learning is essential and so too is working to achieve successful outcomes through repetition, application and refinement of skills.

4. Followed by a game or activity where the skill learnt is then applied. High levels of activity, avoiding dead spots (pupils sat down doing nothing) with clear expectations for high work rates to be maintained are important. The physiological benefits of exercise should be explained and understood and their association with health emphasised. High expectations will be set for individual and group achievements. Pupils extended both physically and intellectually through interesting tasks. In lessons pupils will be encouraged to make decisions. They will be given responsibility for equipment, group organisation and at times their own learning as they practice and repeat movements in order to improve efficiency and the quality of their performances.

5. The lesson is then concluded with a cool down exercise with dynamic or static stretching.

6. Plenaries and mini plenaries take the form of constant evaluation of performance, consistently throughout the lesson.

PE aims to develop the physical, thinking, social and healthy pupil.  Children will also learn about and discuss physical activity and health and wellbeing, through cross curricular themes and sessions in PHSE and science. 


Eden Valley Sports Partnership (EVSP)

The school offers opportunities for activities in partnership with EVSP, an external organisation which we subscribe to. This means that the school has access to the following:

• Training and CPD for teachers and other staff

• A full competition calendar which progresses through to the School Games

• Non-competitive Sport Festivals and Multi-Sport opportunities

• Opportunities for the school’s PE Leader to meet with other Area PE Leaders to share and develop good practice


Teaching and Learning Styles

We use a variety of teaching and learning styles in PE sessions, informed by current best practice. Our principal aim is to develop the children’s knowledge, skills and understanding through a mixture of whole-class teaching and individual /group activities.  Teachers draw attention to good examples of individual performance as models for the other children and we encourage children to evaluate their own and others’ performance.  Open questioning is used to stimulate an increased depth of understanding. Differentiation is managed through pace, task, dialogue, input, support, resource, content, responsibility and independence as well as through outcome. Children are also encouraged to take leadership roles within each lesson to develop their independence and team-working skills.


Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)

We encourage the physical development of children in our foundation stage as an integral part of their work. We relate the physical development of the children to the EYFS Early Learning Goals. We give all children the opportunity to do activities that offer physical challenge, both indoors and out and by using a wide range of resources to support the learning and development of skills.  There will be planned opportunities for EYFS children to take part in physical activities alongside the children in years 1 and 2, with focus on how exercise affects our bodies, developing spatial awareness and other fundamentals skills.



Children are taken swimming from reception-Year 6 at Appleby Swimming Pool.  Instruction is given by trained swimming teachers at the pool. Swimming assessment is based on whether the child can swim 25 metres with confidence and independently based on the National Curriculum requirements. Other skills and techniques will be assessed through observations and through the swimming instructors.  As with the other aspects of PE, swimming will be monitored using the PAT and overseen/led by the subject co-ordinator.


Outdoor and Adventurous Activity (OAA)

OAA consists of a diverse range of activities drawn together by a common approach which often focuses on the process facilitated through the activity as well as the outcome. As such it provides unique and varying outlets for physical engagement. Problem solving can underpin any adventurous event (Problem solving activities involve learning themes which include: trust, cooperation, team work and reflection, whilst planning as a group is key to any journey or when selecting a route to climb.) but as a specific activity it provides the opportunity to apply a number of important physical skills through lifting, balance/ counter-balance, body tension etc. While the learning process supersedes the end product, OAA introduces and develops a wide range of specific skills which are distinctive, transferable and offer lifelong relevance.  Aspects of the OAA are specifically covered during residential events, which in the case of a physical activity focus, is biennial.  



PE is a compulsory subject as outlined in the National Curriculum and requires all children to participate fully in Physical Education lessons. Children can only be excused from the physical aspects of PE if they bring a signed note from their parent/carer stating either physical illness or injury that prevents their participation.  Children are required to have a full indoor and outdoor kit with them at all times.



Physical education resources are used by children and staff in a number of ways including:

  • To enable them to create and perform dances.
  • To enable them to play and make up a range of games and to develop their skills in various games.
  • To enable them to create and perform gymnastic sequences and to assist in providing progression in Gymnastics.
  • To provide opportunities to take part in and improve their athletic skills.


PE resources are stored in the PE shed, located in the playground, and at Bolton Village Hall (gymnastics equipment).  PE Sports Leaders and lunchtime supervisors have the responsibility for keeping the playground equipment tidy.  All staff are encouraged and expected to: treat the resources with respect; keep them in the appropriate areas; ensure all resource storage areas are kept tidy and report any faulty or unsafe equipment to the subject leader, who is then responsible for having it repaired or disposed of.



All children must change for PE using the classroom or other supervised rooms where appropriate.

• All teachers should at least change into appropriate footwear for the teaching of PE. It is preferable that teachers change into a PE kit.

• A change of clothing must be worn for indoor/outdoor activities for both curriculum and extra-curricular activities.

• Suitable clothing for all children within the school is a lime green t-shirt; dark shorts or jogging bottoms; suitable trainers or plimsolls.

• No jewellery is to be worn in PE. Pupils are expected to remove their own jewellery, including piercings, or get their parents/carers to do so before school. Earring tape is allowed but only if brought in and applied by the child themselves or done at home before school.

• Long hair should be tied back.

• For dance and gymnastics pupils must be bare-footed and for gymnastics all pupils must tuck in their T-shirts.


Extra-Curricular Opportunities and Enrichment

Children are offered numerous opportunities to engage in a variety of extra-curricular activities, after school and lunch times.  All children are given a fair opportunity to attend these clubs and there is a physical activity on offer each week for both key stage 1 and 2 Clubs are run by staff or external coaches.  As part of our Sports Day, we run competitive races for EYFS, Key Stage 1 and 2 in House teams. We also run an annual ‘Pentathlon’ and encourage parents/adults to participate.  We also ‘host’ an annual tag rugby festival for local schools and attend sporting events that they host.  These include, football, netball, tag rugby and rounders.


Some extra-curricular activities may be offered to specific ‘target’ groups within the school and will be provided according to the needs of the children.  Target groups may include: SEND, Pupil Premium, girls/boys or those children who would not normally attend a ‘physical activity’ club.


Cross Curricular Links

Opportunities are utilised within Creative Curriculum topic-based work, to draw upon physical education experiences to maximise children’s skills and learning or to enable children to apply and use PE in real life and academic contexts.  We include OAA as part of our themed ‘Nature’ week and residentials.  Opportunities for outdoor learning is planned into the curriculum.


Equal Opportunities and Inclusion

Inclusive practice in PE should enable all children (including those that are gifted and talented within PE or those that have Special Educational Needs) to achieve their best possible standard; whatever their ability, and irrespective of gender, ethnic, social or cultural background, home language or any other aspect that could affect their participation in, or progress in their learning. 


Teaching and learning is therefore differentiated to best match the needs of the class and the individuals within it.  This process is completed by the teacher; specifically adapting and annotating the plans to their class’ needs.


Gifted and Talented

In order to aid with the identification of ‘Gifted and Talented/More Able’ pupils we have devised a list of ‘abilities’ that we are likely to observe:

  • Perform exceptionally well at one sport or to a good standard in many.
  • Good spatial awareness.
  • Good understanding of movement quality such as weight and time.
  • Skilful body management showing a high degree of control and coordination.
  • Able to combine movements fluently, precisely and accurately.
  • Learn, understand and adopt technical aspects of a sport very quickly.
  • Able to make correct decisions in pressure situations and adapt their technique accordingly.
  • Creative, original and adaptable; able to respond quickly to new challenges and situations, often finding new and innovative solutions.
  • Able to reflect on processes and outcomes in order to improve performance, taking into account the relationship between skill, fitness and tactics or composition.
  • Able to work independently and with initiative. Show a high degree of motivation to practice and performance.


Identification of this group will take place using a combination of the following sources of information:

  • Data is stored on Scholarpack
  • Notification from District, County, Regional and National sporting organisations of children playing at that sporting level.
  • Notification from the community sports network, professional clubs and National Governing Bodies.
  • A ‘More Able Record’ is collated by all interested parties and is shared with the school’s Inclusion Leader who includes it in all whole school documentation.
  • Consultation with external agencies, subject leaders and senior members of staff will take place to ensure that curriculum alterations may be made when necessary to allow for the demands of training or competition. If the needs of the children are best met following an alternative plan then this will be discussed with the Subject leader and senior members of staff.


Assessment, Record Keeping and Reporting (please refer to the School’s Assessment and Teaching and Learning Policies)

Children’s standards and achievements in PE are assessed in line with the School’s Assessment Policy. Assessment in PE for years 1-6 includes:

  • On-going Assessment for Learning (AfL) practices within class and group sessions, including the sharing of and reference being made to Learning Objective and Success Criteria and self and peer assessments of understanding, outcomes and progress;
  • Feedback of children’s work; against the shared learning objective and success criteria is given in the form of verbal feedback.
  • The Subject Leader also utilises PAT from Howard Todd (Participation and Achievement Tracking Tool) throughout the year to develop an overview of achievement and skills in PE and inform further subject development needs.  This is in place for EYFS-Year 6.
  • Pupils have a clear understanding of the assessment criteria used.
  • Assessment takes place at the end of each activity and used to inform future planning and student target setting.


Role of Parents

The school aims to involve parents/carers in their children’s learning as much as possible and to inform them when appropriate, of their child’s progress in PE.  Parents/carers have the opportunity to meet with the child’s class teacher at least twice a year at Teacher consultation meetings and receive an annual report at the end of the summer term. Information about their child’s attitudes and achievements in PE is shared with parents/carers at these times.  Parents are openly invited to attend sporting events and fixtures and encouraged to do so; in order to support their child in friendly and competitive situations.  Parents are expected to provide their child with a PE kit (socks, lime green t-shirt, dark shorts, plain jogging bottoms, a plain jumper/tracksuit top or lime green hoody and a pair of trainers.  Football boots are required for Y3-6).


Role of the Subject Leader

The role of the Subject Leader is to provide professional leadership and management for a subject in order to secure high quality teaching, effective use of resources and high standards of learning and achievement for all pupils. They will achieve this by affecting the following areas:

  • Strategic direction and development.
  • Learning and teaching.
  • Leading and managing staff.
  • Efficient and effective deployment of coaches, staff and resources.

The Subject Leader has regular discussions with the Head teacher and staff about learning and teaching in PE and provides an annual summary report about their work as Subject Leader, spending of the Sports Premium budget and impact and an evaluation of the strengths and areas for development for the subject. During the academic year the Subject Leader has specific allocated time for subject self-evaluation activities.


Monitoring and Evaluation

PE will be monitored and evaluated as part of the School Monitoring and Evaluation Policy.


Staffing and Staff Development

INSET will take place within the school as deemed necessary.  Staff are to take responsibility for what is taught in their lessons, in-line with the LTP for PE.  Lessons are taught by subject specialist.


Health and Safety

Safety should be paramount when planning PE activities. The following guidelines should be referred to by all teachers when planning their PE curriculum: Safety Practice in Swimming (LA); Safe Practice in Physical Education 2020, Safety in Outdoor Education (LA). 

Risk assessments should be included in lesson plans and safety aspects should be considered with the children prior to the task. Children should develop their own abilities to assess risks.

First aid equipment should be available and staff should know what to do and who to call for assistance in the event of an accident. Inhalers for children suffering from asthma must be readily accessible and brought to lessons.

Regular checks should be made on all equipment. The subject leader should make frequent visual checks for wear and tear and security of major items, and all staff should be responsible for reporting to the subject leader when any items need replacing or repairing. Any items constituted a danger should be taken out of use immediately.


In order to minimize these risks all staff and children in PE lessons are required to take note of the following:

  • All lessons are planned following a clear progression of developing skills and take into account the age, abilities and special needs of the class
  • Children should be made aware, understand and follow all safety requirements related to the use of specific equipment, appropriate clothing and the following of instructions when in a lesson.
  • Children should be taught how to move and use apparatus safely under supervision of a teacher or responsible adult.
  • All large items of PE equipment are inspected annually by an independent safety officer under a contractual agreement. Teaching staff should ensure equipment is safe and in a good condition and suitable to the needs and abilities of the children. Any faulty equipment should be reported to the Subject Leader who will then repair or replace the faulty equipment.
  • Children should understand the safety risks involved in wearing inappropriate clothing, footwear or jewellery.
  • Children should be made aware of safe practice when undertaking any PE activity (e.g. not running or jumping in front of others and stopping when asked)
  • Teaching staff should ensure and expect high standards of behaviour, performance and participation in all lessons.
  • Teaching staff should follow the school’s behaviour plan at all times.
  • Children should be made aware of the importance of stretching in physical activity and how to use the correct technique.
  • Teachers should conduct a visual risk assessment of the learning environment and PE equipment as well as the children’s clothing; particularly footwear, before proceeding with any PE lesson.
  • Pupils should be responsible for their own inhalers and always have them with them. For younger children, a member of staff will ensure inhalers are on hand immediately during PE lessons.
  • Pupils should warm-up and cool-down at the start/end of each session.
  • New staff have an induction on how to use the school PE equipment safely.


Accident Procedure

In the event of an accident the class will be settled and then help will be sent for as soon as possible. There are trained first aiders in school; they will then follow set procedures for specific injuries.


Sports Premium Funding

For information about how the School spend the Sports Premium Funding, please see the P.E. Evidence Folder or the school website.


Policy Monitoring & Review

The Head teacher and PE Subject Leader will monitor the effectiveness of this policy on a regular basis. The Head

teacher and PE Subject Leader will report to the governing body on the effectiveness of the policy at least bi-annually and, if necessary, make recommendations for further improvements. This is a working document and as such will be reviewed as and when needed.

Information about Sports Premium Funding can be found under KEY INFORMATION.